The region which we call India nowadays was under the rule of the United Kingdom and was called the British Indian Empire. Bengalthe Bombay presidencyand the Punjab. At the period of colonization knowledge of English was the basement for further education.
Many millions of Muslim, Sikh, and Hindu refugees trekked across the newly drawn borders. Till the differences in living standards were not wide between the different parts of the world.
Later that year, the Labour government in Britain, its exchequer exhausted by the recently concluded World War II, decided to end British rule of India, and in early Britain announced its intention of transferring power no later than June India is a big democratic country which ranks second in population after China.
A group of emaciated women and children in Bangalore, India, famine of — An extensive relief effort was organized by the Bengal government. It is a country rich in natural resources yet inhabitants here are poor.
It is the second most populous country of the world after the chain. Congress opposed the war, and tens of thousands of its leaders were imprisoned in — It uses it own produced food grains and fruits.
It is a country where great leaders Shivaji, Gandhiji, Nehru, Dr. He and Congress rejected the proposal, but it went into effect anyway.
The famine of followed quickly and caused widespread distress. Restriction of civil liberties was a problem because England would not allow the colonies to appoint a governor for themselves out of the colony citizens.
The canal was closed to navigation in to increase irrigation and aid in famine-prevention.
In all, anywhere betweenandpeople on both sides of the new borders died in the violence. It is a country of famous temples, mosques, churches, Gurudwaras, rivers, valleys, fertile plains, highest mountain, etc.
Beginnings of self-government[ edit ] The first steps were taken toward self-government in British India in the late 19th century with the appointment of Indian counsellors to advise the British viceroy and the establishment of provincial councils with Indian members; the British subsequently widened participation in legislative councils with the Indian Councils Act With the British army unprepared for the potential for increased violence, the new viceroy, Louis Mountbattenadvanced the date for the transfer of power, allowing less than six months for a mutually agreed plan for independence.
It is considered as the country of old civilization of the world. It is located in South Asia and was officially declared as the Republic of India after its independence from British rule.
The predominantly Hindu and Sikh areas were assigned to the new India and predominantly Muslim areas to the new nation of Pakistan ; the plan included a partition of the Muslim-majority provinces of Punjab and Bengal. Gandhi remained in prison until Mysore lost nearly 20 per cent of its population and Uttar Pradesh over 12 lakh.
Britain subordinated the Indian economy to its own economy and determined the basic social trends in India according to her own needs. The mother-tongue of my country is Hindi however many languages are spoken here by the people of different religions without any boundation.
More than 14 lakhs of persons died in the famine of in western Uttar Pradesh, Bombay and Punjab. A major characteristic of British rule in India, and the net result of British economic policies, was the prevalence of extreme poverty among its people.
Drought led to a country-wide famine in which affected over 9. Step by step, the elective principle was introduced for membership in Indian legislative councils. Start studying Pros and Cons of British Rule.
Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. - British Rule in India at the End of the First World War By the end of the First World War the British Rule in India was still powerful, but would soon break down.
However, thousands of Indians fought in the war hoping that in return they would be given home rule. The history of the British Raj refers to the period of British rule on the Indian subcontinent between and The system of governance was instituted in when the rule of the East India Company was transferred to the Crown in the person of Queen Victoria (who Danish India: – Impact of British Rule in India Essay Impact of British Rule in Impact of British rule in India, in this context, India was conquered for the Empire not by the English themselves but by Indians under English leadership by taking advantage of Indian disputes.
The British introduced many positive things to India, in particular afterwhen the British Crown took over control of the territories previously controlled by the British East India Trading Company. This improved India in many ways, politically, socially, economically and culturally.
Another. Despite the protests of the wisest administrators, the East India Company steadily destroyed the political importance of the villages, and few things in British rule are more pathetic than the attempts, during the last seventy years, to re-create village institutions.India under british rule essay writer